APA format is one of three citation that is main you’re very likely to encounter at some time during your education.
Specifically in psychology, education, and also the sciences, APA format could be the citation that is preferred over other popular style guides, like MLA format, which is commonly used in the humanities.
APA format definition
APA format is an style that is academic produced by the American Psychological Association. It is most commonly used for scientific papers, especially research-based content.
APA format is recommended among many disciplines because of its clarity and emphasis on highlighting newer source material (in other words. date-focused citations with a preference for ‘recent’ source content). Below are instructions and examples for formatting general the different parts of an APA paper that is formatted including how to write a cover page, running head (header), an in-text citation, and a Reference section.
Note: there are some the different parts of this style guide that overlap with MLA format. Thus, you could find that part of these records is restated through the MLA guide; however, there are many components unique to APA alone and neither guide can sufficiently substitute the other.
General formatting guidelines in APA
- Your document should always be keyed in double-space, 12 pt. font. The font that is standard Times New Roman, but some scholars prefer Arial.
- Your document’s margins must certanly be one inch on all sides.
- You should include a cover page (aka title page) unless otherwise specified.
- You need to include a running head (in other words. a typical page header) that sits at the top of every page of one’s document.
- To create the running head, utilize the “Insert Header” function in your word processor.
- Every page must certanly be numbered in the right hand side of the page inside the header that is auto-created. Additionally, you will insert the title left that is flush all caps.
- The title should be in title case; every word really should not be capitalized.
- Your first and paragraphs that are subsequent be indented one half inch from the left of the document. You need to use the TAB button function to indent rather than the room bar.
- There should only be one space after all marks of punctuation. Because word processing software already accounts for the area after a punctuation mark, adding two spaces is inaccurate and antiquated.
Running head formatting is specific to APA and really should never be useful for other citation types. To produce the running head and ensure it turns up on every page of the document, use the “Insert Header” function on the word processor and then type the title of your paper flush left using all capital letters.
The running head is a shortened form of your full paper title, which means that the running head must not exceed significantly more than 50 characters including punctuation marks and character spacing.
The above example is 49 characters long, including spaces and marks of punctuation (when it comes to title).
Your cover page ought to include the following information: title for the paper, author’s name, and institutional affiliation (in other words. the university, college, or academic/professional institution for which you are writing your paper). You must likewise incorporate a head that is running left with the pagination flush right at the very top of one’s document.
Note: On the cover page, your running head will appear different than it can on all subsequent pages.
As you care able to see, you must through the words “Running head” on your own title page to indicate that it’s the paper’s running head; on all other pages, you will need not include these words along with your title.
APA citations that are in-text not determined by container (e.g. book, article). Citations must certanly be in parentheses and placed at the conclusion of a sentence before the period, whether paraphrasing or citing a direct quote.
APA format follows the author-date style: (Last Name, Year) and uses a comma between your two elements. If referencing a spot that is specific the writing, you will be encouraged to make use of exact page numbers using a lowercase p. + the page number within the parentheses after the year.
All citations, aside from container, are formatted exactly the same for in-text citations in APA. There’s absolutely no variance centered on container as it is true for MLA style.
Note: you will find different requirements that are formatting short vs. long quotations in APA.
General in-text citation rules:
- Titles of source material must be capitalized (that is not the case in the References page); all words four letters or longer must also be capitalized (exceptions for pronouns, adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs, etc.)
- Hyphenated compound words in a title are both capitalized, not just the word that is first
- The first word directly after a colon or dash is capitalized
- All longer container titles (e.g. books, films, TV series, music albums) should always be italicized
Direct quotes (non-paraphrasing) require the name that is author’s year of publication, and page number in (p. #) format. You may either utilize the author’s name that is last the sentence preceding the parenthetical citation or are the author’s last name within the parentheses directly.
Long, direct quotations (40 words or more) must certanly be written in block format without quotation marks. The quotation should begin on a line that is new another half inch inward (where a fresh paragraph would naturally begin. All subsequent lines should be indented as such. Long quotes should really be double-spaced just like the rest of your document, together with parenthetical citation begins after the final punctuation mark associated with quotation.
General format for long quotations:
King (1986) noted:
A boy that is small a yellow slicker and red galoshes ran cheerfully along next to the newspaper boat. The rain had not stopped, but it was finally slackening. It tapped in the yellow hood associated with boy’s slicker, sounding to his ears just like the rain from the shed roof. (p. 3)
Your APA-formatted Reference page is when the extended, detailed versions of all references used throughout your essay or research paper are.
For every container listed below, you will discover a formula that is general citing the source in your Reference page along side an illustration.
General Reference page rules:
- Use hanging indentations for each line that follows the first line (second and subsequent lines in one reference ought to be indented)
- Author names should really be in Last Name First Initial format (for up to six authors of one given work)
- All reference entries should really be in alphabetical order
- Any books or materials written by exactly the same s that are author( must certanly be listen in chronological order from oldest to many recent
- Use whatever capitalization and punctuation is used by an original container, even though not ‘standard’